Leçons Anglais

Thèmes

Nationalities, Part II

In Part II, we are going to continue to talk about the names of some major countries, the main languages they speak, and the adjectives used to describe somebody from that country. Usually, the noun for the language spoken is the same as the adjective for somebody who resides there. For instance, in France, the French speak French. But there are also exceptions: In the United States, most Americans speak English. Note too that in English, unlike many other languages, even the adjectives are usually written with a capital letter.

 

Let's start off with two countries whose nationalities end with -ian or -ean:

 

Off the coast of Queensland, Australia, it is one of the richest ecosystems on the planet.

Caption 3, Greenpeace Australia Pacific: Eyes On The Reef

 Play Caption

 

 

One third of mammal species lost in the world are Australian.

Captions 56-57, BBC Planet Wild: Alien Animals

 Play Caption

 

And what about North Korea?

Caption 41, Jimmy Kimmel: Kids Answer "What is the Best Country in the World?"

 Play Caption

 

 

I know a little Korean. Let's try it.

Caption 10, Hemispheres: The Amazing Cell Phone

 Play Caption

 

 

And next some countries whose nationalities end with -ese:

 

You do know that in China it's not going to be a problem.

Caption 23, ABC Science Online: An interview with Douglas Adams

 Play Caption

 

 

There's a large Chinese population in London.

Caption 8, London: Multicultural Britain

 Play Caption

 

You came with a friend from Portugal to the United States?

Caption 13, Groucho Marx: You Bet Your Life

 Play Caption

 

 

While speakers of Spanish and Portuguese can often understand each other.

Caption 55, TED-Ed: How languages evolve

 Play Caption

 

The Netherlands presents a special case: 

 

He has been told he has a long lost cousin in the Netherlands.

Caption 7, Naish Kiteboarding TV The Real Stig

 Play Caption

 

 

The Dutch came sharing coleslaw and cookies.

Caption 8, The History of English: American English

 Play Caption

 

 

So while the Netherlands (usually with the definite article "the") is the proper name of the country, it is still often called Holland—although strictly speaking, Holland is only a region of the Netherlands. There is also the term "Netherlandish," but this does not usually refer to the language. It's an art history term used to refer to the northern part of the Low Countries in the 16th and 17th centuries.

 

Further Learning
Go to Yabla English and find more videos that use some of the following country names, dominant languages, and nationalities. You can also see a more complete list of countries, their people, and their languages here.

 

Country               Language          Nationality
Australia               English               Australian
Brazil                    Portuguese        Brazilian
Chile                     Spanish             Chilean
China                    Chinese             Chinese
Egypt                     Arabic                Egyptian
Hungary                Hungarian           Hungarian
Italy                       Italian                  Italian
Japan                   Japanese             Japanese
Korea                    Korean                 Korean
(the) Netherlands  Dutch                   Dutch
Portugal                 Portuguese         Portuguese
Russia                   Russian               Russian
United States        English                 American

 

Thanks to you all for reading this, keep up the good work! If you have any good ideas for lesson topics, please email them to us at newsletter@yabla.com, and you can tweet us @yabla.

Vous aimerez aussi